Department of Mines and Geology, Government of Jharkhand :: News

Geological Profile of Jharkhand

Status of Mineral Deposits of Jharkhand

(Reserve in Million Tonnes)

Sl.No. Mineral National Reserve/ Resources Jharkhand's Reserve/ Resources Jharkhand's Share w.r.t. India (in %) District
1 Coal 293497.15 80356.20 27.37% Dhanbad, Bokaro, Latehar, Giridih, Ramgarh, Chatra, Hazaribagh, Pakur, Dumka
2 Iron Ore Haematite) 17882.10 4596.621 25.70% West Singhbhum
3 Apatite rock Phosphate 24.22 7.270 27.07% East Singhbhum, Garhwa
4 Cobalt 44.91 9.000 20.04% East Singhbhum
5 Silver Ore 466.98 23.840 5.10% Ranchi, East Singhbhum
6 Copper Ore 1558.45 288.120 18.48% East Singhbhum, Saraikela- Kharsawan
7 Kyanite 103.24 6.030 5.84% West Singhbhum,Saraikela-Kharsawa, East Singhbhum
8 Graphite 174.84 12.910 7.38% Palamu
9 Asbestos 22.16 0.154 0.69% West Singhbhum, Saraikela-Kharsawa
10 Fireclay 713.51 66.619 9.33% Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, Palamu, Giridih, Ramgarh
11 Quartz & Silica 3499.03 156.521 4.47% East Singhbhum, West Singhbum, Saraikela- Kharsawa, Dumka, Hazaribagh, Deoghar, Palamu, Sahebganj
12 Bentonite 568.36 0.980 0.17% Sahebganj
13 Bauxite 3479.62 146.323 4.20% Lohardaga, Latehar Gumla, Godda, Sahebganj
14 Chinaclay/ Kaolin 2705.20 198.690 7.33% Lohardaga, Ranchi, Dumka, Sahebganj, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum
15 Feldspar 132.34 1.634 1.23% Dumka, Hazaribagh,Deoghar
16 Garnet 56.96 0.110 0.19% Koderma, Chatra
17 Magnetite 10644.06 10.542 0.10% Palamu, East Singhbhum
18 Barytes 72.73 0.035 0.04% Ranchi, Palamu, East Singhbhum
19 Talc/Soapstone 269.02 0.338 1.25% West Singhbhum, East Singhbhum, Saraikela- Kharsawa, Palamu
20 Dolomite 7730.55 41.430 0.53% Palamu, Garhwa, Latehar
21 Limestone 184935.11 634.410 0.34% Garhwa, Palamu, Ranchi, Ramgarh, Latehar, Hazaribagh, Bokaro, West Singhbhum
22 Chromite 203.30 0.730 0.35% West Singhbhum
23 Manganese Ore 429.90 13.700 3.18% West Singhbhum
24 Nickel 189.00 9.000 4.76% East Singhbhum
25 Gold Ore 493.69 8.150 0.09% Ranchi, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Simdega, Palamu
26 Ochre 144.26 0.215 0.14% West Singhbhum
27 Vermiculite 2.50 0.030 1.23% Koderma
28 Mica 0.55 0.002 0.30% Koderma, Giridih, Hazaribagh
29 Black Granite 3175688.00 8875340.000 19.36% Dumka, Jamtara, Koderma, Ranchi, Khunti, Simdega, Palamu, Latehar, Garhwa
30 Coloured Granite 42649661.00

(Source IBM)

Geology of Jharkhand

Being the part of Peninsular India, the State of Jharkhand is made up of Archaean, Proterozoic, Late Paleozoic- Mesozoic and Tertiary rock succession. The general succession of complete State can be given as follows-

Geological Time Major Formation Sub divisions General Lithology
Cenozoic Tertiary Quaternary Deposit
Gravels & Sandstone
Dhalbhum/ Jhargram Formation
-- Alluvial soil
Gravels & Sandstone
Laterite, bauxite
Jurassic –Cretaceous Rajmahal Trap -- Basalt, clay stone, siltstone tuff
Triassic - Jurassic Dubrajpur Formation -- --
Palaeozoic -Mesozoic (Upper Carboniferous- Triassic) Gondwana Super Group Mahadeva Formation
Panchet Formation
Raniganj Formation
Barren Measure Formation
Barakar Formation
Karharbari Formation
Talchir Formation
Conglomerate, carbonaceous shale, coal formation, sandstone
Neo Proterozoic Hazaribagh Granite and Pegmatite -- Monzogranite, syenogranite
Meso Proterozoic Vidhyan Supergroup Arkasoni Granophyre, Soda Granite Semri Group Sandstone, limestone, shale, siltstone Granophyre, soda sranite
Palaeo to Meso Proterozoic Metamorphics of Chhotanagpur/ Bihar Mica Belt Kolhan Group Koderma Group Metasedimentary, arenacious and politic rocks, mica, beryl, dolerite Sandstone, shale, limestone
Paleao Proterozoic Gangpur Group, Upper Bonai and Mahakoshal Group -- Quartzite, dolomite, phyllite, conglomerate
Singhbhum Group/ Dalma Volcanics Dhalbhum Formation Chaibasa Formation Carbonaceous phyllite quartzites, cherts, epidiorites, acid volcanics Mica schists, quartzites, hornblende schists
Dhanjori Group -- Mafics Ultramafics quartzite
Archaean - Proterozoic Chotanagpur Gneissic Complex (CGC) Bihar Mica Belt (BMB) Magmatism Older Metasediments Granite / Granite gneiss, pegmatite, columbite- tantalite Anorthosite, magnetite, gabbro, amphibolite Chlorite schist, Khondalite, Charnockite, nephelene syanite
Newer Dolerite -- Dolerite, Epidiorite
Iron Ore Group (IOG) Lower Bonai Group
Gorumahisani Group
Tuffaceous shale, phyllite tuffs BIF Ferrugenous chert local dolomite, acid intermediate, basic-ultrabasic volcanics quartzites and conglomerate quartzite, BIF, metamorphosed mafic and ultramafic volcanics, cherty arenite
Chakradharpur Granite Gneiss (CKPG) -- Granite / Granite gneiss
Singhbhum Granite Complex (SBG) -- Tonalite Gneiss
Older Metamorphic Group (OMG) -- Pelitic schists, quartzites, para- and ortho- amphibolites